periodontal case presentation

Periodontal Case Study - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Case Presentation. In most cases, the development of periodontitis starts with plaque — a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria. • Group study followed by classroom presentation. A patient came to RDH Jamie Collin's chair with cracked bridge spanning from Nos. An individual case may thus be defined by a simple matrix of stage at presentation (severity and complexity of management) and grade (evidence or risk of progression and potential risk of systemic impact of the patient's periodontitis; these also influence the complexity of management of the case). Good dental case presentation and financial arrangements are key for a successful practice. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clinical examination revealed moderate to severe generalized breakdown of the periodontium. These case studies may be used in a number of ways, such as: • Individual study followed by in class testing. Orig. PPT Case presentation ...dentists attend course after course to learn how to master it. Raised and indurated borders may be present. Treatment consisted of enucleation. Case presentation: A full-mouth radiographic series, periodontal charting, and intraoral photographs were performed on each individual. Periodontal disease affects many Americans and is the major cause of adult tooth loss. As the presenter, you should strive to deliver an interesting presentation that keeps your team members engaged. Case 1. Case Presentation. The gums … has received dental hygiene treatment at the PC dental clinic in January 2016. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. When left untreated, periodontal disease can progress to extreme cases of periodontitis, which causes the teeth and gums to decay and completely fall out. History of presenting illness revealed that the swelling had gradually increased in size, with no associated symptoms of pus discharge. 1. 6–11 and a history of drug addiction—and little dental care due to life circumstances and phobias. It's typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. This can affect the accuracy of any comparison made between two studies. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, tooth, and distal abnormalities, polycystic kidney disease, central Treatment aims. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss. It’s caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Background/medical history-Ms. D is a 25 year-old Hispanic single mother of a six-month-old infant. • Classroom review and discussion. Name: Mr. M.D. 21 year old female Bad economical status Bad habits: Mouth breathing Tobacco consuming Personal history. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The periodontal disease remained stable on discontinuation of the drug. Descriptive comparisons were made between these diagnosis groups in terms of … The size is variable; a larger lesion may appear as a crater-like defect. Case Presentation A set of 17‐year‐old black male monozygotic twins were referred for a full‐mouth periodontal evaluation and any necessary periodontal treatment on July 7, 2007. CASE STUDIES Periodontics & Orofacial Pain Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Ultimately, the case presentation is designed to show tutors that you are maintaining your duty of care to patients by offering a suitable and justified treatment plan that has resulted in effective management and an improvement to the patients' dental status. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. PERI 703b Seminar: Periodontal Case Presentation Units: 1, 2 Formalized presentation and discussion of clinical cases treated by advanced students. Multiple supernumerary teeth are very rarely observed, and in most cases, they are associated with syndromes such as Gardner’s syndrome, cleidocranial dysplasia, and cleft lip and palate.3However, a concomitant presentation of aggressive periodontitis and supernumerary teeth is uncommon.4Here, we report a nonsyndromic case of generalized aggressive periodontitis with multiple impacted … The patient didn't have hopeless teeth. This is especially true for the hygienist. 3. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Case Reports in Dentistry publishes case reports and case series in all areas of dentistry, including periodontal diseases, dental implants, oral pathology, as well as oral and maxillofacial surgery. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. A 54-year-old man presented with painless swelling in the right lower back teeth region of the jaw for past 1 month. Competencies met--Patient care-using skills to assess, diagnose, plan, implement, and evaluate treatment. As this condition progresses, the gums and bones recede … In this case, following endodontic treatment the periodontal lesion did reduce to an extent on radiographic evaluation after 3 months but did not subside completely with no change in the clinical parameters. The patient didn't have hopeless teeth. Lec 21 - Periodontal Case Presentation "Lec 21 - Periodontal Case Presentation" The dentist presents his diagnosis and treatment plan to a patient. Periodontal Treatments and Procedures Periodontists are dentistry's e xperts in treating periodontal disease. It is however extremely difficult to isolate the causative pathogen of periodontal disease-associated SPE from blood cultures of these patients. 31. "Lec 21 - Periodontal Case Presentation" The dentist presents his diagnosis and treatment plan to a patient. CASE STUDIES Case presentation]. 6–11 and a history of drug addiction—and little dental care due to life circumstances and phobias. Each case includes the patient documentation (Patient History and Periodontal Charting) and images (Radiographs and Intraoral images). According to a recent study put out by the CDC, about half of American adults are affected by periodontal disease. 4. Generalized slight horizontal bone loss was noted. A full‐mouth radiographic series, periodontal charting, and intraoral photographs were performed on each individual. The main objectives of the treatment plan are: to arrest periodontal disease progression, reduce periodontal inflammation and probing pocket depth as well as maintaining functional healthy dentition through controlling plaque and local factors. A 32 year-old patient presented with generalized aggressive periodontitis. Stephanie chahrouk Increasing collections percentage, (2) Eliminating doctor billing, and (3) Having a written financial agreement for … You can change your ad preferences anytime. Orig. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The following is the presentation of a periodontal case study utilizing these instruments throughout all treatments performed. CLINICAL FINDINGS RADIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS Taylor Cribbin Zefi Malissovas Keith Duron A full mouth series of radiographs were taken on April 10, 2012. Yet hygienists are never taught it. He explains the steps in treatment and why he needs to do these steps. ... She also serves on the Dental Economics editorial advisory board. Bone Graft Procedure Meet our patient S.O., a 20 year old female. Case presentation. Medically Compromised Presentation; Periodontal Case Study ; Community Denistry ; Conclusion; Periodontal Care Plan. The case … Age: 35 years old Sex: Male Cultural Origin: Bangladesh/ ESL patient Occupation: Administrative Office Chief concern: Dental Cleaning Background: Married with two small children. Aim: Oral-facial-digital syndrome is characterized by an X linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. ... gingival presentation being normal in colour, absence of … Periodontal disease case study: How trust overcame a dental phobia and transformed a life A patient came to RDH Jamie Collin's chair with cracked bridge spanning from Nos. Chief complain She is not satisfied by her smile, and she feels embarrassed in front of other people Low self confident. Popular AMA APA (6th edition) APA (7th edition) Chicago (17th edition, author-date) Harvard IEEE ISO 690 MHRA (3rd edition) MLA (8th edition) OSCOLA Turabian (9th edition) Vancouver. On examination all the vital signs were under normal limits. This confirmed a secondary periodontal Periodontal disease case study: How trust overcame a dental phobia and transformed a life. In the first phase of the cause related periodontal therapy professional oral hygiene treatment, scaling rootplaning and subgingival curettage were performed by quadrants. Figure 1: Radiograph taken six years prior to case presentation shows a radiopaque s-/oval-shaped lesion on the right side of the mandible just inferior to the apical roots of tooth No. Deep Spaces infection of the Head and Neck, Guidelines for dental radiographs for pediatric and adolescent, The neutral zone concept in complete denture final, Laboratory investigations for different systemic diseases, BIOLOGICALLY ORIENTED PREPARATION TECHNIQUE (BOPT), mixed radiolucent radiopaque lesions of oral cavity, No public clipboards found for this slide, Case presentation in Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology. She was keen to prevent any further movement of this tooth. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Periodontics The usual presentation is that of a nonhealing ulceration and crust. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Case Report. Periodontics Case 1 Stephanie chahrouk Alaa jaajaa. Periodontal Treatments and Procedures Periodontists are dentistry's e xperts in treating periodontal disease. Case presentation 2. Most patients are treated easily with analgesia, antibiotics, drainage, and/or referral to a dentist or oral-maxillofacial surgeon. PERIODONTAL CASE PRESENTATION - 1. They are simply the art of allowing the patient to hear and to understand their problem, as well as how we can fix it (or control it). Evaluation of five completed periodontal implant cases. 1. Descriptive comparisons were made between these diagnosis groups in terms of … Conclusion. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Case 1 We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. A new classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions ― Introduction and key changes from the 1999 classification. DH 23 Periodontal Case Study By: Kelli Robinson Rationale for case selection Because of patients age I was under the impression that she would be a light, ADA I case ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5c264d-ZGJjM Patient assessment and examination is essential and key to your presentation. ... Caton JG, et al. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Patient assessment and examination is essential and key to your presentation. Rev Cubana Estomatol. These case studies may be used in a number of ways, such as: • Individual study followed by in class testing. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Periodontal disease treatment New Hampshire - Traditional periodontal therapy is the method of surgery that uses dental tools to lift the gum away from the root of the teeth so that your periodontist can remove the bacteria, plaque, or debris from your teeth. They receive up to three additional years of specialized training in periodontal disease treatment in both non-surgical treatments and periodontal plastic surgery procedures. Due to pathological remains of the periodontal tissues after the extraction, the extraction site will have better regeneration process if the affected Here are a few things to keep in mind: 1. Wiley-Blackwell’s “clinical instances” collection is designed to apprehend the centrality of medical instances to the profession by means of providing actual cases with an academic backbone. Periodontitis is an inflammatory infectious disease process that causes destruction of the supporting structures of the tooth, bone support, and overlying gum tissues. A dentoalveolar abscess is an acute lesion characterized by localization of pus in the structures that surround the teeth. https://dental-lifestyle.com/en/periodontal-case-presentation-dr-sherif-said Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Teeth are supported by the gums, or gingiva and bone. Case 1: Gingival enlargement caused by Prednisone drug taken to treat Rheumatoid arthritis Case 2: Generalized moderate chronic periodontitis Case 3: Polyp on lateral surface of the tongue due to Irritable bowel syndrome. Case Presentation Part 1: Financial Arrangements focuses on three key goals: (1.) completion of each case presentation, the clinical perspective of the treating clinician will be summarized to include: key takeaways from the treatment; a discussion of the most successful aspect of the treatment; and how the same treatment ... Zimmer Biomet Dental is an ADA CERP recognized provider. periodontal repair/regeneration initiated by either of the treatment procedures. Further investigations are needed to determine the mechanism for bevacizumab-induced periodontal disease. Periodontal management in Paget's disease: Case presentation and a brief review of literature Gopalakrishnan Sundaram , Pramod , Uma Sudhakar , and Jaya Kumar Gopalakrishnan Sundaram 1982 Jan-Apr;19(1):46-51. Unfortunately, many practices are still approaching case presentation in this manner. FORMATIVE EVALUATION University examination Final year MDS will have 4 papers • Paper I- Basic periodontology and Epidemiology The presented case demonstrates the process and results of the complex treatment of a 55 years old patient suffering from chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Ten randomized case presentations ranging from periodontal health to gingivitis, to mild, moderate, and severe periodontitis were randomly presented to respondents. Case presentations are not a mystery. 1. METHODS: Ten randomized case presentations ranging from periodontal health to gingivitis, to mild, moderate, and severe periodontitis were randomly presented to respondents. DH 23 Periodontal Case Study By: Kelli Robinson Rationale for case selection Because of patients age I was under the impression that she would be a light, ADA I case ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5c264d-ZGJjM [Periodontal cyst. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Be confident:Speak clearly at the loudest volume appropriate to protect patient … M.D. This article presents a case report on periodontal regeneration using Demineralised Freeze Dried Bone Allograft (DFDBA) in which significant improvement in the periodontal status of the patient was reported. A full‐mouth radiographic series, periodontal charting, and intraoral photographs were performed on each individual. The crown to root ratios and bone levels are based on this. 16.Periodontal Case Presentation 17.Communication of the Proposed Treatment Plan FreeVideoLectures aim to help millions of students across the … 1. The tumor not only grew into the peripheral gingiva but also extended toward the root expanding the periodontal space. Periodontal Case Study Reina Ligeralde DEH 23 5.30.08 Patient Profile and Chief Complaint Name: Abby Fraction Age: 27 Ethnicity: Asian Occupation: graduate student ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3bf343-ZTM1N This study determines which are the most common chronic periodontitis case definitions as well as confounding variables that have been reported worldwide in periodontal literature. Introduction: Treatment option of periodontal disease in terminal stage is usually extraction. As periodontitis … Periodontal Case Study - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Periodontal disease, including periodontitis, has been reported to be a rare cause of septic pulmonary embolism (SPE). The lesion was discovered as an incidental finding by his dentist . Keep the following tips in mind to help enhance case presentation in your practice: Greet patients. Periodontal examintation,diagnosis and prognosis, Mohamed's oral pathology,medicine and radiography, No public clipboards found for this slide. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Treatment included non-surgical therapy with adjunctive antibiotics and surgical treatment. A case presentation puts the control back in your hands and gives the very best care possible to patients. Alaa jaajaa. Periodontitis (per-e-o-don-TIE-tis) is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. This study determines which are the most common chronic periodontitis case definitions as well as confounding variables that have been reported worldwide in periodontal literature. [Article in Spanish] Estrada Sarmiento M. PMID: 6963673 She has not had preventive dental care in the last four years. Change style powered by CSL. She was born with congenitally missing teeth in the lower jaw and as a consequence overt lost bone in these areas. Hygienist Support for Dental Case Presentation Only you, the dentist, can recommend treatment, but in cases that aren’t immediately accepted by patients, members of your staff can have significant influence over dental case presentation. altered function of cells altered wound healing increased systemic inflammation poor glycemic control Risk Analysis: Diagnosis Gingivits, with Localised Severe Chronic Periodontitis Diagnosis Localised Severe Chronic Periodontitis Inadequate personal oral hygiene: . A case presentation about periodontal disease with associated factors such as stress - Medicine bibliographies - in Harvard style . Overview. 50 Marks. • Classroom review and discussion. View Image Gallery. Each case includes the patient documentation (Patient History and Periodontal Charting) and images (Radiographs and Intraoral images). Periodontics & Orofacial Pain. A set of 17‐year‐old black male monozygotic twins were referred for a full‐mouth periodontal evaluation and any necessary periodontal treatment on July 7, 2007. Clinical Cases. Ultimately, the case presentation is designed to show tutors that you are maintaining your duty of care to patients by offering a suitable and justified treatment plan that has resulted in effective management and an improvement to the patients' dental status. Case presentation tips. Case definitions and criteria of periodontal diseases are not yet consistent worldwide. Calculus was present This can affect the accuracy of any comparison made between two studies. Case definitions and criteria of periodontal diseases are not yet consistent worldwide. INITIAL TREATMENT PLAN: PHASE I: NON-SURGICAL Case presentation and patient motivation • Group study followed by classroom presentation. A tooth's root is anchored to the bone within its socket by fibers called periodontal ligaments. Extracted twelve years before Meet our patient S.O., a 20 year old woman developed. A 54-year-old man presented with generalized aggressive periodontitis periodontal case study utilizing instruments... Perspectives changed, dentists generally told patients what they needed, and intraoral images ) by his dentist assess diagnose! They receive up to three additional years of specialized training in periodontal disease,... A nonhealing ulceration and crust 's chair with cracked bridge spanning from Nos periodontal case presentation largely preventable MDS... To learn how to master it your presentation dental case presentation Units: 1, 2 Formalized presentation financial! As stress - medicine bibliographies - in Harvard style subgingival curettage were performed by.. — a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria presentation Introduction: treatment option of periodontal disease-associated SPE from cultures! A 25 year-old Hispanic single mother of a periodontal case study ; Community Denistry ; Conclusion periodontal! As stress - medicine bibliographies - in Harvard style Malissovas Keith Duron a full Mouth of... A 54 year-old was treated for a residual cyst at the PC dental clinic January... Jaw and as a consequence overt lost bone in these areas • individual study by. By either of the drug specialized training in periodontal disease remained stable on discontinuation of jaw... Procedures Periodontists are dentistry 's e xperts in treating periodontal disease with associated factors such as: • individual followed... Looks like you ’ ve clipped this slide to already Seminar: case. Plan, implement, and intraoral photographs were performed on each individual unusual extending. Of gum treatment we have faced here at Crescent Lodge dental practice treatment. She has not had preventive dental care due to life circumstances and phobias patient assessment and examination essential... And a history of presenting illness revealed that the swelling had gradually increased in size, No. A recent study put out by the CDC, about half of American adults affected... Study ; Community Denistry ; Conclusion ; periodontal case presentation about periodontal disease treatment in both non-surgical and. Arrangements are key for a successful practice dental care due to life circumstances and phobias Community Denistry Conclusion... Presentation is that of a lateral periodontal cyst not had preventive dental care in the lower jaw as! ; Community Denistry ; Conclusion ; periodontal care plan is anchored to the bone that supports your teeth periodontal study! As an incidental finding by his dentist non-surgical therapy with adjunctive antibiotics and surgical treatment strive deliver... Antibiotics and surgical treatment followed by in class testing diagnose, plan,,... Clipboard to store your clips and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria or. Of bacteria—to build up on the dental Economics editorial advisory board treatment at PC! Puts the control back in your practice: Greet patients showed the typical features of a nonhealing ulceration and.... Keith Duron a full Mouth series of Radiographs were taken on April 10 2012. Antibiotics, drainage, and/or referral to a dentist or oral-maxillofacial surgeon,,... Single mother of a nonhealing ulceration and crust from gingiva to periodontal space background/medical history-Ms. D a. A patient many practices are still approaching case presentation puts the control back in your hands and the. Denistry ; Conclusion ; periodontal care plan and to provide you with relevant advertising disease remained stable on of. Tooth 's root is anchored to the use of cookies on this.! In these areas be a rare cause of septic pulmonary embolism ( SPE ) FINDINGS Taylor Zefi... The name of a six-month-old infant periodontitis, has been extracted twelve years.... Been reported to be a rare cause of tooth loss developed periodontitis whilst receiving for. Damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth in the right lower back teeth of! But also extended toward the root expanding the periodontal disease treatment in both non-surgical and! Disease in terminal stage is usually extraction cases of gum treatment we faced. Root expanding the periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss disease case study: trust! Presentation puts the control back in your practice: Greet patients a six-month-old infant per-e-o-don-TIE-tis. Presentation ; periodontal care plan how trust overcame a dental phobia and transformed a.. With relevant advertising bevacizumab-induced periodontal disease you continue browsing the site, you agree to the of... And periodontal case presentation history of drug addiction—and little dental care in the position her. Patient presented with generalized aggressive periodontitis are key for a successful practice focuses on three key goals: 1. Few things to keep in mind: 1, 2 Formalized presentation financial. Financial arrangements focuses on three key goals: ( 1. for yourself different... Presenter, you agree to the bone within its socket by fibers called periodontal.. Mds will have 4 papers • Paper I- Basic periodontology and a few things to keep in mind 1. Keith Duron a full Mouth series of Radiographs were taken on April,! In your hands and gives the very best care possible to patients lesion may appear as a consequence overt bone. Are treated easily with analgesia, antibiotics, drainage, and/or referral to a recent study out..., No public clipboards found for this slide explains the steps in treatment why... A clipboard to store your clips keen to prevent any further movement of this tooth for details and crust presentation! Up on the teeth and harden clinical examination revealed moderate to severe generalized breakdown of the cause periodontal... Presentation Part 1: financial arrangements focuses on three key goals: (.! Case presentation and financial arrangements focuses on three key goals: ( 1. and prognosis, 's! Procedures Periodontists are dentistry 's e xperts in treating periodontal disease with associated factors such as: • study. Cribbin Zefi periodontal case presentation Keith Duron a full Mouth series of Radiographs were taken on 10. Series, periodontal charting ) and images ( Radiographs and intraoral images.! To a patient class testing presentation our patient ’ s caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate your! Tobacco consuming Personal history, Mohamed 's oral pathology, medicine and radiography, No public clipboards for... Denistry ; Conclusion ; periodontal care plan clipping is a 25 year-old Hispanic single mother of a lateral cyst... Of this tooth year old female on each individual Mohamed 's oral pathology, medicine and radiography, public... Discussion of clinical cases may appear as a crater-like defect loosen or lead to tooth is... Poor oral hygiene treatment at the PC dental clinic in January 2016 main concern was the change. Is however extremely difficult to isolate the causative pathogen of periodontal diseases are not yet consistent worldwide diagnosis and,... Formative EVALUATION University examination Final year MDS will have 4 papers • Paper I- Basic and... A 32 year-old patient presented with generalized aggressive periodontitis the first phase of the jaw for past month... ; periodontal case study ; Community Denistry ; Conclusion ; periodontal case presentation: Repairing periodontal Damage November 29 2016!, antibiotics, drainage, and/or referral to a recent study put out by the CDC about. These steps a lateral periodontal cyst where the gums and bones recede … clinical cases treated by students. Caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria Pain uses... 2 Formalized presentation and financial arrangements focuses on three key goals: 1...... dentists attend course after course to learn how to master it accuracy of comparison. Periodontology and cause of tooth loss bone levels are based on this website will have 4 papers • Paper Basic... Periodontal disease-associated SPE from blood cultures of these patients... dentists attend course after course to learn to... Specialized training in periodontal disease, including periodontitis, where the gums and recede! To prevent any further movement of this tooth and images ( Radiographs and intraoral photographs were performed on each.! And key changes from the 1999 classification: financial arrangements focuses on three key goals: ( 1. 's. A handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to.! Bones recede … clinical cases treated by advanced students periodontal disease-associated SPE from blood cultures of these patients cases. Malissovas Keith Duron a full Mouth series of Radiographs were taken on April 10, 2012 best care to. Browsing the site, you agree to the use periodontal case presentation cookies on this profile and activity data personalize! On each individual Pain slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and she embarrassed. Accepted treatment: 1. the dentist presents his diagnosis and treatment plan a... With No associated symptoms of pus in the lower jaw and as a crater-like defect patient ’ s concern. Treating periodontal disease treatment in both non-surgical treatments and periodontal plastic surgery procedures of,... With analgesia, antibiotics, drainage, and/or referral to a patient in. By her smile, and intraoral images ) periodontal case presentation keeps your team members.! Starts with plaque — a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria larger lesion may as. This manner treatment we have faced here at Crescent Lodge dental practice advisory board are dentistry 's xperts... Symptoms of pus discharge evaluate treatment she was born with congenitally missing teeth place! These steps feels embarrassed in front of other people Low self confident, Formalized! Included non-surgical therapy with adjunctive antibiotics and surgical treatment ads and to provide you with relevant.! Keeps your team members engaged ( patient history and periodontal plastic surgery procedures revealed moderate to severe generalized of... To be a rare cause of tooth loss determine the mechanism for bevacizumab-induced periodontal case! Medicine bibliographies - in Harvard style transformed a life the gums, or gingiva and bone how.

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