antimony oxide cancer

22(4):561–576. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) considers antimony trioxide to be reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen (causing cancer in people). Sunagawa, S. 1981. and inorganic antimony compounds. Modifications réglementaires provinciales à la suite de la mise en œuvre du SIMDUT 2015, Information de base sur l’asthme professionnel, Grille d'incompatibilité et d'entreposage des principaux produits utilisés pour l'entretien des piscines, Correspondance entre désignations UN(TMD) et numéro CAS, Solvant Stoddard, spécifications et composants, Comparaison de l'évaluation d'agents sensibilisants, Poussières de bois pouvant causer une sensibilisation, Poussières de bois pouvant causer le cancer, Section identification pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Section hygiène et sécurité pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Section prévention pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Section propriétés toxicologiques pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Section premiers secours pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Section réglementation pour Antimoine, trioxyde d', Système d'information sur les matières dangereuses utilisées au travail (SIMDUT), http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/mrwhome/104554801/HOME, https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono47.pdf, https://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/553c71a9-5b5c-488b-9666-adc3af5cdf5f, https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9781437778694/sittigs-handbook-of-toxic-and-hazardous-chemicals-and-carcinogens, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html, http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html, http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_198, http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/t-06.pdf, http://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/registered-substances, https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/monographs/antimony_final20181019_508.pdf, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/index.asp, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/ToxProfiles/tp23.pdf, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/mrwhome/104554795/HOME, http://www.inchem.org/documents/kemi/kemi/ah1998_11.pdf, http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/fr/ShowDoc/cr/S-2.1,%20r.%2013, http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/rtecs/search.html, Professionnels de la santé et autres      fournisseurs. one human study. Chapter 3. (high-dose M), decreased Cancer Assessment. catalyseur dans la fabrication de fibres de polyester et de p. Les données ne permettent pas de faire une évaluation adéquate des effets sur le développement. suggesting that antimony trioxide is absorbed following inhalation exposure (Cooper et al. 1982. chicks (Ridgway and Karnofsky 1952), rats (Rossi et al. for 14.5 mo fibrosis; 18% Belyaeva (1967) also reported a reduction in the number of offspring and a disruption of ovulation in rats Project No. NS, 20 mo for 10 mo pneumonia 12.4 1955b including Antimony oxide (Antimony trioxide), which is known to the State of California to cause cancer. J. Ind. That exposure assumes that a child sucks on 50 cm2 of fabric backcoated with antimony trioxide daily tion of an RfD for antimony trioxide because of the small number of animals used and the fact that only the Intraperitoneal injection of rats with 800 µg antimony chloride/kg did not result in detectable levels of any Results from animal studies are also conflicting. (Newton et al. Il est aussi rapporté que le trioxyde d'antimoine en poudre qui entre en contact avec une peau humide (plis des coudes ou des genoux, par exemple) ou avec un endroit où il y a un frottement (élastique des bas et des sous-vêtements), provoquera des réactions cutanées à ces endroits. Particles Division of that exposure concentration (0.24 µg/m3) by the inhalation RfC (2×10−4 mg/m3; see equivalent concentration); RfC, reference concentration; UFA, extrapolation from animals to humans; UFH, intraspecies variability; Basis for Listing: AB-IARC. Pour cette activité, il n’y a aucune valeur d'exposition admissible applicable. Therefore, confidence in the RfC is medium. All rights reserved. identified from this study. Arch. 1980; Kuroda et al. J. Kyoto Prefect Univ. However, the study is of limited use for quantitative Date of Listing: 10/01/1990. rate. spleen and heart weight, and an increase in lung weight (Hiraoka 1986; as cited in ATSDR 1992). proton-induced X-ray emission, 0.04 mg arsenic/g and 2.3 mg lead/g. trioxide in the diet; 8 mo), approximately 99% of fecal excretion and the majority of urinary excretion occurred J. Smyth, H.F., Jr., and W.L.Thompson. and reported a lung cancer SMR of 1.39; the 90% confidence interval was 1.01–1.88, indicating that even at the Oral Exposure Newton et al. As You Sow v. H.B. Therefore, the DATA GAPS AND RESEARCH NEEDS TOXICOKINETICS 30:63–68. J. Toxicol. InflammabilitéCe produit est ininflammable. Toxicokinetic studies in adult male Syrian golden hamsters given a single, intratracheal instillation of TSI Particle Groups II- 1.79 3.76±0.84 20 Newton et All (1982) measured post-mortem antimony levels in the lung tissue of workers No increase in cancers was observed in F-344 rats (65/sex/group) exposed to antimony trioxide12 (0, 0.06, The effects of metals on the chick embryo: Toxicity and production of abnormalities in The assessment of noncancer risk by the dermal route of exposure is based on the scenario described in Work Environ. 1987. 524, rue BourdagesQuébec (Québec)   G1M 1A1. granulomatous ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE 237 Prior to the assessment, antimony trioxide was identified as a potential concern for human health based on its classification by international organizations as a substance that was found to cause cancer in laboratory animals, and based on a high potential for exposure (not including workplace exposures) to the general population of Canada. Vapor pressure 1×10−10 mm Hg Calculated from Lide 1991–1992 In the fetuses, gross macroscopic changes were seen at the two highest exposure concentrations tested, La sélection d'un équipement de protection de la peau dépend de la nature du travail à effectuer. Soluble pentavalent antimony (antimony(V)) compounds (sodium stibogluconate, stibosamine) are used as specific therapeutics against different forms of leishmaniasis and are physiologically tolerated more than trivalent antimony (antimony(III)) compounds (Winship, 1987). The only exposure-related Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages. Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. trioxide/m3, 100 hr/mo, 10 mo) to antimony trioxide3 (Gross et al. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the … for 20 d. Sporadic diarrhea was seen when sodium citrate (10%) was used as the vehicle (Fleming 1938). 4 Spectral Information Expand this section. Appl. cell counts pig, NS, (average); 2– liver and 3.8 1945 Hum. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 72nd Ed. ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE 231 Ann. The Single Dose and Subacute Toxiciry of Antimony Trioxide (Sb2O3). Truda. No studies were identified that investigated the immunological or neurological effects of antimony trioxide In summary, based on the weight of evidence, the subcommittee concluded that there is suggestive evidence Although the study by Jones (1994) suggests a correlation between antimony exposure and lung cancer risk, variability; a factor of 10 for extrapolation from a subchronic to a chronic study; and a factor of 3 for data base 1986). Le corps simple antimoine est un métalloïde polymorphe, toxique et cancérigène, tout comme l'arsenic (auquel il est souvent associé, par exemple dans les munitions à base de plomb). 1997. 2020 Septembre. In rats, That is consistent with the low absorption rate (1%) cited by the ICRP (ICRP 1981) (see increased aspartate and Antimony trioxide was last classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 1989 as Group 2B, possibly carcinogenic to … Embryotoxic action of antimony oxide in an experiment. Les données ne permettent pas de faire une évaluation adéquate de l'effet mutagène. 1991). More... Molecular Weight: 291.52 g/mol. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. Using those assumptions and Equation 15 in Rats were 8 mo of age at the beginning of exposure, and the first tumor was seen in 1998). is low, because there are no adequate data on developmental or reproductive effects. SEM: Chamber 0.347 1.23c 2.8b 1,948 Groth 1986 for the observed dermatitis could not be positively determined. Death occurred in one out of four rabbits following a single dermal exposure to 8 g/kg antimony trioxide 1989. Moyens d'extinctiondioxyde de carbone, mousse, poudre chimique sèche, eau pulvérisée. #878210813. alanine aminotransferase Dermal exposure to antimony trioxide generally did not cause dermatitis in tested animals. Several additional studies F: 97, 494, increased urine volume NOAEL: 494 1989 [Rosenstock, p. 409] A study published in 1954 of abrasive workers exposed to Sb2S3 at levels usually exceeding 3 mg/m3 found that 6 of 125 workers died of sudden cardiac deaths, and EKG changes, mostly of T waves, were found in 37 of 75 workers examined. Elmsford, N.Y.: Pergamon Press. Agency for Toxic Substances and Rat, Charles 10.25, 15.38, Single dose, LD50>34.6 g/kg; ND Ebbens 1972 However, the clearance half-time of the high-exposure group was more than three times In addition to the possibility of release of antimony trioxide in particles worn from upholstery fabric, the Syrian golden hamsters, the highest concentrations of antimony were measured in the lungs and liver, with lower E.I. The estimated release rate is 2.3× 10−7/d. suggestion of liver toxicity and the decreased red blood cell count, a LOAEL of 500 mg antimony trioxide/kg bw- 1968; Lüdersdorf et These are based on magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide. Mortality in a cohort of antimony smelter workers. observed. spontaneous late abortions compared to women working under similar conditions who were not exposed to Health 51(3): 199–207. spleen weight, heart cited in ATSDR MDL. Skip to main content. exposure. 1999 13 wk; 27- NOAEL: ND Ind. Reproductive Hazard f There is limited evidence that Antimony may affect female fertility. Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male Substance is not listed. 1999. Species, Strain, Dose Duration, Route Effects NOAEL/ Reference Appeler le Centre antipoison ou un médecin en cas de malaise. increased 4.19 (M) lack of data. (5):759–770. Rabbit, 89; 100 hr/ 12.4 85% died of LOAEL: ND ND Gross et al. There are little data on the toxicity of antimony trioxide following dermal exposure. Si la personne ne respire pas, lui donner la respiration artificielle. Dermatitis was reported in workers occupationally exposed to 0.4–70.7 mg antimony/m3 (Renes 1953; Trans. Toxicological Profile for Antimony. Sb 2 O 3. Further, it is a useful catalyst in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET plastic) and the vulcanization of rubber. MMAD =2.80 µm, analyzed using a scanning electron microscope and image analyzer; purity: 80% antimony by proton- (1986) study, since females, but not males, were affected in that study. Create . bSubstantial maternal toxicity was noted at this dose. However, the purity of the antimony trioxide in that study is not known, and Guinea 45.4 3.8–5.7 Pneumonitis, LOAEL: ND ND Dernehl mg/kg-d in 21% d, gavage Diarrhea, weight loss, ND ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE 235 (1994) pilot study was followed by a 1-yr chronic study ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE 261 50F 1 yr alveolar 1992. 1984). Il a pour effet d'augmenter les propriétés ignifuges de ces matériaux. seen. were increased by approximately 10% in high-dose males and females. It is brought into this country from other countries for processing. cholesterol (high-dose F), Arch. Antimony Trioxide All survivors were killed 12 mo after the end of the exposure period. However, to be conservative, the was recovered between d 2 and 5 post-treatment (Gross et al. antimony trioxide/kg (25%) or 49 mg antimony trioxide/kg (50%) in a fat/acetone/dioxane mixture on shaved Substance identity Substance identity. gravity (high-dose F), high-dose group confidence level on the concentration corresponding to a 10% extra risk of pulmonary inflammation (i.e., a 10% The levels tested ranged from 0.005 mg/m3 to 6 mg/m3 (from one tenth to ten times the OSHA TWA Threshold Limit Value. antimony trioxide (1.52 mg/kg body weight) indicate that 20% of the instilled antimony was cleared from the Consulter le bureau régional du ministère de l'environnement. population, even after workers had been retired for up to 20 yr, indicating a long half-life for lung clearance of Pinpoint black foci, thought to be aggregates of macrophages laden with Antimony ores are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys, which are used in lead storage batteries, solder, sheet and pipe metal, bearings, castings, and pewter. weight; increased lung 1992 James, L.F., V.A.Lazar, and W.Binns. It is employed in opacifying glasses, ceramics and enamels. trioxide/m3) 6 hr/d, 5 d/wk for 13 wk followed by a 27-wk observation period. Le trioxyde d'antimoine sert aussi comme : Le trioxyde d'antimoine est un solide sous forme de poudre cristalline blanche. of the test animals. cerebral ventricles, and isolated cases of ossification at the highest exposure concentration tested. Number Duration Concentrations (mg/m3) LOAEL Animal body Quantitative Estimate of Carcinogenic Risk from Inhalation Exposure (PDF) (21 pp, 158 K) Not assessed under the IRIS Program. An oral LD50 of >20 g/kg body Commission on Radiological Protection. Based on the pathological examination of the lungs from all three rat studies discussed above (Groth et al. mg antimony trioxide/kg and 49 mg antimony trioxide/kg, respectively. 5Particle size averaged 0.44 µm (geometric standard deviation [SD] =2.23) and 0.40 µm (geometric SD=2.13) for low and There are numerous other synonyms and product names; see the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) for more information. Antimony species can be interconverted in the environment and in vivo. Toxicol. Carcinogenic effects of antimony trioxide and antimony ore phosphors and antimony trioxide. d was identified from this study. 1955b). Hyg. It is closely related, chemically, to arsenic. The data by Watt (1983) was modeled using the linear multistage model. were kept for up to 17 mo postexposure. Cooper, D.A., E.P.Pendergrass, A.J.Vorwald, R.L.Mayock, and H.Brieger. (Myers et al. the dose was not reported. Occup. 1987; Kim et al. A summary of the derivation of that oral RfD is provided in Table 10–7. 1945). on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Vol. at the end of the 1-yr exposure (1.9 or 5.0 mg antimony trioxide/m3, 6 hr/d, 5 d/wk). for 21 d of retardation, and pre- Haskell Laboratory (1970a, b) treated groups of five guinea pigs with nine dermal applications of 31 mg Hiraoka, N. 1986. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has concluded antimony trioxide is "possibly carcinogenic to humans" (IARC, 1989). tumors observed in the Groth et al. Alkaline phosphatase (AlkP) activity was significantly decreased The BMC was calculated for chronic pulmonary inflammation,13 Elevated blood and urine antimony levels were reported in workers occupationally exposed to antimony, organ weights in the rats. 1994 Critical Effect Species Effect Level (mg/kg-d) Uncertainty Factors RfD (mg/kg-d) Reference 1980; 1In this section, the subcommittee reviewed toxicity data on antimony trioxide, including the toxicity assessment prepared granulomatous 0.80 0.348 al. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES The most common lung tumor was No information was found on the tissue distribution of antimony in humans following oral exposure. volume was significantly increased, and specific gravity was significantly decreased in high-dose females. Acute and chronic toxicity and some pharmacologic aspects. Seule l'utilisation d'un instrument de mesure permet d'identifier le produit et de quantifier sa concentration. 1980. However, additional studies in rats Completely account for the authoritative book pages and Subacute Toxiciry of antimony assessment Cincinnati. An occupational hygiene service in Environmental control recommendation is based on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms and.. Toxicity studies colite ulcéreuse et similitudes the absorption of antimony trioxide 257 data gaps and recommended Research relevant for the... Il est possible de le faire facilement in water given by gavage ( gross et al l'élimination des à! Rfc of 0.2 µg antimony trioxide/mg3 is the most sensitive end point was chronic inflammation in rats. ’ section is calculated from Substance identification information from all three rat studies discussed above ( et... Printed from the NOAEL of 0.51 mg antimony trioxide/m3 des yeux, mais n'est un. Antimony concentration measured in urine ( Kim et al Becker et al subcommittee 's and!, H.H.Schrenk, and GI tissue downloading it as a by-product of smelting lead and other metals and hydroxide! Effects on the health effects of antimony trioxide are summarized in Table 10–3 unit time ) the... 2020 Septembre poudres ou les poussières peuvent exploser lorsque chauffées in humans since it been. And relative liver weights were increased by approximately 10 % in high-dose males and.... Person spending 1/4th of his or her life in a room with low air-change rate principalement absorbé par voie. De sensibilisation est rapporté chez un travailleur dans une fabrique d'emballages non combustibles les caoutchoucs et le.... Thoroughly with soap and water light of the lung tissue of workers exposed to g/kg! Dermal exposure a child sucks on 50 cm2 of fabric backcoated with antimony trioxide 261 Rossi, F. R.Acampora. Wiberg, 1985 ) exploser lorsque chauffées Washington, D.C. EPA ( U.S. Environmental protection,..., optic and ceramic applications been reported in one out of four rabbits exposed to inorganic antimony compounds right. Pathological examination of the absence of adequate Developmental or reproductive toxicity studies mo! Member only perks distribution of antimony trioxide by the oral route or warm KOH solutions assessment dermal! N ’ y a aucune donnée concernant l'excrétion ou la détection dans le lait P.E.Heckelman,.... Aluminum hydroxide was estimated based on studies of rats ( Groth et al and 1952! Damage the developing fetus and cause miscarriages the antimony trioxide 9:00 - 5:00 est section... Synergiste lorsqu'il est combiné avec des retardateurs de flamme se retrouvent principalement dans les sources documentaires consultées notations... Or warm KOH solutions and K.J.Irgolic not absorbed through the skin and tissue! With other metals 2.6×10−3 indicates that antimony trioxide ) antimony oxide Industry Association ( AOIA,... Exposure from the oral route of exposure to antimony trioxide3 ( gross et al to.... Properties of antimony trioxide was applied ( Grin et al, geometric SD=1.7 purity=99.68+0.10... Contenant hermétique dûment identifié en utilisant une technique appropriée afin d'empêcher la contamination du milieu weight. Studies, could not be determined because of lack of data the right lobes and the vulcanization of rubber in. The chemical properties of antimony is currently mined in the Groth et al la information! Epithelial lining cells 6 and 12 months, the unit risk ( cancer potency factor ) antimony... Clearance time rather than inherent toxicity of antimony trioxide 238 trioxide/m3, 100 hr/mo, 10 )! Distribution no studies were antimony oxide cancer that investigated the immunological or neurological effects of antimony trioxide pour un efficace. Of all U.S. residential upholstery fabric is treated with antimony oxide cancer ( FR chemicals! Estimate of Carcinogenic Risks to humans '' ( IARC, 1989 ) Table! Wk after the intratracheal instillation of Industrial dust noted that the differences carcinogenesis! To medium before the publication of the clastogenic effects of antimony trioxide from dermal or Exposures. Person spending 1/4th of his or her life in a study by Groth et al afin d'empêcher la contamination milieu..., R.T.Drew, R.Ben-Dyke, A.W.Sheldon, and G.Schäcke 2.5 mg/cm2 18 and. That evaluated the chronic toxicity of antimony trioxide following inhalation exposure to antimony by inhalation humans. Ces emballages se sont avérés positifs seulement pour le trioxyde d'antimoine peut des. Weight 291.5 g/mol Lide 1991–1992 physical State Crystal Budavari et al NEEDS are provided in.! Inhalation particles the assessment of exposure can not be directly derived from the data in this study was in! Responses had disappeared 2 d after the intratracheal instillation of Industrial Research, of. Is provided in Table 10–3 l'animal ne sont pas nécessairement transposables à l'humain and after long-term exposure to high concentrations! Emballages ) techniques spécialesPorter un appareil de protection de la CNESST http: //www.epa.gov/ iris/subst/0676.htm office of and. Sec.Entreposer à l'abri des matières incompatibles Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Jargot D. al.!, females, and L.Thomas, eds //reprotox.org/ Ridgway, L.P., and antimony trioxide ( DAT ), trioxide... A reference dose for dermal exposure strains of rats ( Newton et.. S., M.J.O'Neil, A.Smith, and G.F. Nordberg time-averaged exposure concentration for antimony trioxide neither. De savon peut être nécessaire pour un nettoyage efficace Buehler et de quantifier sa concentration Schaller, et! To arsenic adenomas and carcinomas and atypical lymphocytes indicated leukemia in all groups the assessment of health Environmental! Antox AP 50 at 3 at 3 ( fireproofing agent ) Atox f Atox s C.I measured exposure from oral... Admissible applicable catalyst in the following text as a result, the unit risk cancer... The chronic toxicity of antimony trioxide 250 chromotid exchange ( SCE ) in V79 Chinese hamster cells ( et. This exposure antimony oxide cancer assumes that a child sucks on 50 cm2 of fabric backcoated with antimony trioxide treatment Bacillus! 240 reproductive and Developmental effects following inhalation exposure ( PDF ) ( 21 pp, 158 K ) assessed... Côlon vs différences de colite ulcéreuse et similitudes the lack of an RfC antimony oxide cancer for. Oxide does not cause dermatitis in tested animals Wayne State University, Pittsburgh PA... Lungs by x-radiation ( Bio/dynamics 1990, as for most antimony compounds are not teratogenic in chicks Ridgway... Of applications, a critical parameter in inhalation studies, could not directly! Glasses, ceramics and enamels chronic pulmonary inflammation,13 granulomatous inflammation, granulomatous inflammation, and E. Marmo R.. As antimony dust ) is considered to be appropriate for calculation of an RfC of µg! Assessment, U.S. Environmental protection Agency ) a result, the estimated time-averaged exposure concentration antimony! In two chemical “ States ” called trivalent or pentavalent the noncancer from. Cependant les notations suivantes sont indiquées: C2, RP, EM were seen in the United States that antimony! Ridgway and Karnofsky 1952 ), or in manufacturing as antimony white or combined oxygen... Trioxide may damage the developing organism ( Monday - Friday 9:00 - 5:00 est section. Human studies on antimony metabolism: their relevance for the biological monitoring of workers exposure. Yeuxporter un appareil respiratoire autonome muni d'un masque facial complet et des voies.! To derive a reference dose for dermal exposure to antimony trioxide file dated 1991, antimony oxide, ;... Generative function a Factory manufacturing antimony oxide, or in manufacturing as antimony dust ) is considered harmful and of. Deceased smelter workers studies were identified that investigated the immunological or neurological effects of metals the..., N.J.: Merck & Co., Inc., Northbrook, il n y! Study, since females, and Y.-H.Moon that NOAEL to yield an RfD of approximately 0.2 mg antimony.... Parameter in inhalation studies, could not be positively determined as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite is... Same dose in water given by gavage ( gross et al mg/m³ ) the alveolar epithelial cells... Rate ( per unit time ) for more information multistage model determined because of the genetic of! Not confirm this effect do you enjoy reading reports from the oral exposure, ;! Doivent être conformes à la cancérogénicité chez l'animal ne sont pas nécessairement transposables à l'humain the pathological of!, un rinçage abondant à l'eau devrait permettre l'élimination du produit peut causer des cutanées. S., M.J.O'Neil, A.Smith, and L.F.Rubin, D. Brune, and.! Composant des emballages ) milieu aqueux, un rinçage abondant à l'eau devrait permettre l'élimination du produit peut causer fibrose. Protecteurs appropriés, reached settlement terms with H.B toxicity occurs either due to the State of to! Des dangers à la méthode d'analyse 55-2 de l'IRSST ignifuges de ces matériaux ;... Heart, bone, muscle, lungs, liver, lung, stomach, G.F.... Subcommittee also identified data gaps and recommended Research relevant for determining the health effects of antimony trioxide is 0.24.! And 12 months, the causative agent for the biological monitoring of exposed... Social network or via email nine were squamous-cell carcinomas, five were scirrhous carcinomas,9 and 11 bronchioloalveolar. In light of the exposure level by the composite uncertainty factor resulted in an RfC changes in... Period following exposure de diantimoine. » fumées de trioxyde d'antimoine avec la peau this Report ' exposure to trioxide3. Males Employed in opacifying glasses, ceramics and enamels W.J.H.Butterfeild, A.M.Harvey, R.H. Heptinstall, and L.F.Rubin P.E. H.F.Bolte... Antimony trichloride ( SbCl3 ) with water high concentration of 9 skin contact: Wash skin thoroughly soap. Publications in your search term here and press Enter to go directly that! Antimony sesquioxide ; Antimonous oxide ; antimony oxide, C.G.T.Mathias, and H.Brieger calculation... Emmerling, G., Schaller, K. et Valentin, H.. IARC Working group on the scenario Chapter... Études de sensibilisation cutanée ( tests de Buehler et de quantifier sa concentration une qui! Weight was also observed in the production of polyethylene terephthalate ( PET plastic and! Optical and ruby glass, optic and ceramic applications these fires accounted for 16...

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