Horticulture is mainly the crop cultivation. Among these are climate, terrain, and other regional variations. Horticulture is a broad science which has many sub-disciplines. Eggplants, peppers, and okra are widely cultivated. In the drier areas the pigeon pea, the soybean, the peanut (groundnut), and the Tientsin green bean are important crops. Horticulture is a complete science of its own as well as a full industry. Certain strains of the cosmos plant are so sensitive to light that where the day is always about 12 hours, as near the Equator, they flower when only a few inches high; if grown near the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn, they attain a height of several feet, if the seeds are sown in the spring, before flowering in the short days of autumn and winter. Some of us choose Horticulture as a profession but everyone has horticultural experiences on … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Elevation is a determining factor. Horticultural workers in nurseries are involved with filling orders and packing plants for shipping. What is Horticulture? Pomology deals with fruit and nut crops. Researchers evaluate carrot and cherry yields, two food specialty crops. Other Words from horticulture Did You Know? Another factor is the length of day, the number of hours the Sun is above the horizon; some plants flower only if the day is long, but others make their growth during the long days and flower when the day is short. Bulbs, annuals, herbaceous perennials, and deciduous trees become more frost-resistant with the fall of sap and therefore have a better chance of passing the resting season undamaged. The temperate zones are also the areas of the grasses—the finest lawns particularly are in the regions of moderate or high rainfall—and of the great cereal crops. According to the American Society for Horticultural Science, popular careers in horticulture include golf course or garden center managers, zoo horticulturists and floral designers (www.ashs.org). Horticulturists apply knowledge, skills, and technologies to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. The term horticulture literally means the culture of a garden. Production and consumption of high quality fruits and vegetables allows us to maintain a healthy, balanced daily diet. The chrysanthemum flowers only in short daylight periods, although artificial lighting in nurseries can produce flowers the year round. Horticultural Careers Overview. HORTICULTURE. Horticulture lighting is the method for stimulating plant growth by artificial lighting fixtures when natural light is lacking. There are over 500 jobs available and a strong growth outlook for horticulture. The Horticulture Innovation Lab focuses on horticultural crops, primarily fruits and vegetables. Horticulture, literally garden culture, is a part of crop agriculture that also includes agronomy and forestry. Horticulture is an application science – the science developed by horticulturists is applied to plant production, improvement, marketing and the enhancement of Earth’s human and animal life. ". Horticultural crops are diverse; they include annual and perennial species, delicious fruits and vegetables, and decorative indoor and landscape plants. For example, the scarlet runner bean, a common plant in temperate regions, grows, flowers, and develops pods normally on the high slopes of Mount Meru in Africa near the Equator, but it will not set pods in Hong Kong, a subtropical situation a little south of the Tropic of Cancer but at a low elevation. Horticulture is the area of agriculture involving the science of growing and caring for plants. A Modern Applied Plant Science! Our faculty work across New York to make discoveries and share knowledge about fruits, vegetables and landscape plants. Horticulture is socially important because it improves how we use plants, for food and other human purposes, as well as repairing the environment and personal aesthetics. Horticulture careers offer employees the opportunity to work in a variety of industries and environments. Poinsettia is a short-day plant that may be seen in flower in Singapore on any day of the year, while in Trinidad it is a blaze of glory only in late December. Temperate zones for horticulture cannot be defined exactly by lines of latitude or longitude but are usually regarded as including those areas where frost in winter occurs, even though rarely. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? A strong and sustained need for horticulture professionals exists. Another influence is the varying length of darkness and light throughout the year, so that many plants, such as chrysanthemums, have a strong photoperiodism. It is unique among plant sciences because it not only involves science and technology, but it also incorporates art and principles of design. Horticulture is a branch of agriculture which mainly deals with the reproduction of plant life. Horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. Horticulture Australia is a huge industry. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. What is Horticulture? Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. Landscape horticulture is a broad category that includes plants for the landscape, including lawn turf but particularly nursery crops such as shrubs, trees, and vines. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. See why our students love horticulture and love studying it at MSU! Horticultural sand for plants serves one basic purpose, it improves soil drainage. Practitioners of horticulture are as diverse as the crops that make up the industry and the discipline. Horticulture is a segment of the agriculture industry. They include several spinaches, of which Chinese spinach or amaranth is the best; several cabbages; Chinese onions and chives; and several gourds, cucumbers, and, where there is a dry season, watermelons. Particular features such as rose gardens, herbaceous borders, annual borders, woodland gardens, and rock gardens are also those of temperate-zone gardens. This is critical for healthy plant growth. This is true in Michigan, the Great Lakes region, nationally and internationally; and is as true for small, local operations as it is for larger commercial enterprises. Just as many tropical plants can be cultivated in the subtropics, so also many subtropical and even temperate plants can be grown satisfactorily in the tropics. Horticulture, the branch of plant agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. However, the term has taken on a broader context. In the tropics of Asia and parts of Central and South America, the dominant features of the gardens are flowering trees, shrubs, and climbers. Michigan is among the top 10 states in terms of employment in the green industry. Common definitions for horticultural crops also include herbs, spices and ornamental flowers. The Department of Horticulture at MSU is dedicated to providing the highest-quality education and is one of the largest horticulture programs in the U.S. As the nation’s first Horticulture Department, we are proud to maintain a tradition of excellence spanning more than 150 years. Sweet potatoes grow and bear good crops where the average monthly rainfall, throughout the year, exceeds 25 cm (10 inches), but they grow even better where there is a dry season. Similarly, U.S. (non-citrus) fruit and nut production was valued at over $26 billion for approximately 22 million tons in 2014. Word horticulture is a combination of two Latin words hortus (garden) and cultura (cultivation). Horticulture is practiced in small scale with enclosed plots. Horticulture. Horticulture is, at the most basic level, the science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. ‘In horticulture, kiwifruit vines are trained onto pergola or T-bar support structures.’ Synonyms gardening , floriculture, arboriculture, agriculture, cultivation, cultivation of plants, garden management 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002 The word is derived from the Latin hortus, “garden,” and colere, “to cultivate.” As a general term, it covers all forms of garden management, but in ordinary use it refers to intensive commercial production. Omissions? Horticulture also contributes to quality of life, and the beauty, sustainability and rehabilitation of our environment and the human condition (e.g., see https://www.loveyourlandscape.org/more/the-benefits-of-landscapes/). You might assume all careers in horticulture involve hands-on contact with all things green. Olericulture deals with herbaceous plants for the kitchen, including, for example, carrots (edible root), asparagus (edible stem), lettuce (edible leaf), cauliflower (edible flower buds), tomatoes (edible fruit), and peas (edible seed). Ornamental horticulturalists typically work at floristry stores, landscaping … Technically, horticulture is the study of fruits, vegetables and landscape plants used for human consumption, garden decoration and environmental management. Horticultural crops are diverse; they include annual and perennial species, delicious fruits and vegetables, and decorative indoor and landscape plants. For horticultural purposes altitude is also a factor; the lower slopes of great mountain ranges, such as the Himalayas and the Andes, are included. Horticulture is the study of plant cultivation. The Department of Agriculture census estimated U.S. fresh market vegetable production at 18 million metric tons and a value of nearly $12 billion in 2015. Thus, the temperate zones are very wide and the range of plants that can be grown in them is enormous, probably greater than in either the subtropical or tropical zones. Coalition for Sustainable Agriculture concluded that too few scientists are being trained in agricultural disciplines like horticulture. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. Horticulture definition, the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants. : the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. Most of the great gardens of the world have been developed in temperate zones. Horticulture is defined in the strict sense as the science that employs special techniques and methods to cultivate plants, including methods used to properly condition the soil for seed planting or planting tubers. Horticultural therapy techniques are employed to assist participants to learn new skills or regain those that are lost. The origin of the term lies in two Latin words: hortus (meaning "garden") and cultus (which means "tilling"). It involves the management and cultivation of gardens and land. Horticulture is the field of study which concentrates on gardening, and the plants and biological systems which make up a garden. Modern horticulturists follow a variety of different belief systems, but often still have elements of the polytheistic system of old. In addition, it is estimated that the global urban horticulture market is worth nearly $300 billion. Production of horticultural crops The production cycle of horticultural crops varies. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional valueand resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Horticulture includes the production and use of plants for food, comfort, and beautification. Vegetable crops vary in kind and quality with the presence or absence of periodic dry seasons. Horticulture definition: “the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.” The role requires a deep knowledge of plant species, garden care, irrigation and pests and diseases. See more. We work with fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, and turfgrass, in a variety of labs, fields, golf courses, and garden centers. Horticulture is divided into the cultivation of plants for food (pomology and olericulture) and plants for ornament (floriculture and landscape horticulture). Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. noun gardening, agriculture, cultivation, floriculture, arboriculture Available courses are in garden design and practical horticulture. College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, https://www.loveyourlandscape.org/more/the-benefits-of-landscapes/, students love horticulture and love studying it at MSU. Ornamental horticulture Ornamental horticulture consists of floriculture and landscape horticulture. Colombo Plan Botanical Adviser to Government of Nepal, 1961–63. In the uniformly wet tropics, the choice is limited to a few root crops and still fewer greens. Updates? In addition to elevation, another determinant is the annual distribution of rainfall. Horticulture Definition. Author of. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Horticultural therapy (also known as social and therapeutic horticulture or STH) is defined by the American Horticultural Therapy Association (AHTA) as the engagement of a person in gardening and plant-based activities, facilitated by a trained therapist, to achieve specific therapeutic treatment goals. Herbaceous plants are relatively few, but many kinds of orchids can be grown. For information about and to learn when to use horticultural sand, click on the following article. The turf industry is also considered a part of ornamental horticulture. Floriculture deals with the production of flowers and ornamental plants; generally, cut flowers, pot plants, and greenery. Landscapes, Gardens and Urban Food Production, Plant and Crop Physiology and Biochemistry, Plant Breeding, Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology, Sustainable Crop Production, Food Systems and Agroecology. In the Southern Hemisphere, practically all of New Zealand, a few parts of Australia, and the southern part of South America have temperate climates. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [Music] First 5 video clips of students talking about horticulture major. A few parts of the north coast of the Mediterranean and the Mediterranean islands are also subtropical. According to Louisiana State University (2011), horticulture is the science and art involved in the cultivation, propagation, processing and marketing of ornamental plants, … The Student Horticulture Association at the homecoming parade. Plants in the temperate zones benefit from a winter resting season, which clearly differentiates them from tropical plants, which tend to grow continuously. Thus, most parts of Europe, North America, and northern Asia are included, though some parts of the United States, such as southern Florida, are considered subtropical. In terms of scale, horticulture falls between domestic gardening and field agriculture, though all forms of cultivation naturally have close links. Horticulture is the science and art involved in the cultivation, propagation, processing and marketing of ornamental plants, flowers, turf, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. By tradition, horticulture deals with garden crops such as fruits, nuts, vegetables, culinary herbs and spices, beverage crops, and medicinals, as well as ornamental plants. HORTICULTURE. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Rice is excluded as being tropical, but wheat, barley, corn (maize), and rye grow well in the temperate zones. The same can be said of taro, yams, and cassava. Horticulture describes the cultivation of nuts, fruits, vegetables and flowers whereas, in arable crops the useful part of the plant is usually the grain, or seed, that is produced, but can include other plant parts. Horticulture is the science, art and business of growing fruits, vegetables, turfgrass, and ornamental plants. Michigan produces over 300 commodities, making it the second most agriculturally diverse state in the nation, and exports internationally to Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, South Korea, etc. Miscellaneous crops include watercress, ginger, lotus, and bamboo. The “roots” of horticultural therapy were established in the early 19th century by Dr. Benjamin Rush, a physician considered to be the first psychiatrist, and signer of … Students at MSU learning Plant Identification for the green industry. Plants that grow and flower in the monsoon areas, as in India, will not succeed where the climate is uniformly wet, as in Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. In addition, MSU has a very active Student Horticulture Association club that allows YOU to get involved in many aspects of horticulture while having fun. Horticulture is the science and art of the development, sustainable production, marketing, and use of high-value, intensively cultivated food and ornamental plants. Ornamental horticulturist. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Tropical greens from the Malay Peninsula are not as good as those grown in South China, the Hawaiian Islands, and Puerto Rico. For more information, visit our Careers in Horticulture page. There is no sharp line of demarcation between the tropics and the subtropics. Why is horticulture important Horticulture enriches diets: Horticulture — specifically, growing fruits and vegetables — provides critical nutrients for a balanced diet. Definition of horticulture. NOW 50% OFF! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. HT has been defined as the use of plants and plant-based activity for the purpose of human healing and rehabilitation." https://www.britannica.com/science/horticulture, The Spruce - What Is the Meaning of "Horticulture? The yam bean, a native of tropical America, is grown for its edible tuber. The 2014 U.S. Horticulture is the science and art of the development, sustainable production, marketing, and use of high-value, intensively cultivated food and ornamental plants. This diverse field offers career opportunities in a wide array of industries for students at varying levels of education. They work as gardeners, growers, therapists, designers, a… The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Horticultural therapy helps improve memory, cognitive abilities, task initiation, language skills, and socialization. This information is for educational purposes only. Principal and Director of Research, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad, 1953–60. Many kinds of beans can be grown successfully, including the French bean from the American subtropics, the many varieties of the African cowpea, and yard-long bean. Michigan ranks third in floriculture/greenhouse production, with wholesale crops valued at over $400 million, where, for example, bedding/annual garden plants account for over half of those sales – leading the U.S. A recent report out of Texas A&M University and the University of Florida concluded that the green industry in the U.S. had direct employment of 1.6 million individuals, nearly $14 billion in sales, and direct economic output of $136 billion. While this career is similar to a landscape architect , there are fundamental differences between the two. Horticulture is the agriculture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty for decoration. These specialty crops help sustain and enrich our lives by providing nutritious food, enhancing the beauty of our homes and communities and reducing our carbon footprint. In the temperate zones are the great coniferous and deciduous forests: pine, spruce, fir, most of the cypresses, the deciduous oaks (but excluding many of the evergreen ones), ash, birch, and linden. Environmental horticulture (i.e., the “green industry”), is composed of careers in greenhouse production, wholesale brokers, commercial nurseries, garden centers, florists and landscape design and construction firms, as well as private and community gardens, municipal parks and state or national reserves. Interior of a commercial horticultural greenhouse. The word is derived from the Latin hortus, “garden,” and colere, “to cultivate.” As a general term, it covers all forms of garden management, but in ordinary use it refers to intensive commercial production. Each is concerned with growing and marketing plants and with the associated activities of flower arrangement and landscape design. As the only horticulture program in the Ivy League, our faculty, staff and students work to shape the food systems and landscapes of today and tomorrow. That covers a lot of ground, so to speak. Rather than staple crops, horticulture focuses on fruit, vegetables, flowers, and landscape plants. Horticulture studies both the science behind the garden and the aesthetics which make it appealing to look at. They include a wide array of individuals and groups who farm, landscape, garden, research, advise and enjoy the bounty of horticultural plants for their nourishment, health benefits and aesthetics. These successful horticultural operations depend on expertise in areas such as physiology, breeding, molecular biology, pomology, viticulture, and greenhouse management to enhance yield and improve production. Horticulture, the branch of plant agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The specialization of the horticulturist and the success of the crop are influenced by many factors. Nearly all depend for their success on the winter resting period. In ancient horticultural societies, the belief system was polytheistic with the primary deities focused on rain and crops.
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